ABOUT THE FILMMAKERS
OLIVER STONE (Writer/Director) has worked
as a school teacher in Vietnam, a Merchant Marine sailor in the
Pacific and Southeast Asia, a taxi driver, a messenger, a production
assistant, and a sales representative for a sports film company,
all of these in New York City. He served in the U.S. Army
Infantry in Vietnam from 1967 to 1968. He was wounded twice and
decorated with the Bronze Star for Valor. After returning from Vietnam,
he completed his undergraduate series at New York University Film
School in 1971.
Stone has been nominated for 11 Academy Awards
as a screenwriter, director and producer. He has won Oscars for
writing Midnight Express and as director for both Born
on the Fourth of July and Platoon. He has also received
three Golden Globes for directing (Platoon, Born on the
Fourth of July and JFK), one for writing (Midnight
Express) and was nominated for Best Director for Natural
Born Killers and co-writing for Nixon.
Stone is a contributor of some 200 pages of
essays on movies, culture, politics and history as published in
the book Oliver Stone’s USA. His first novel was published
in 1997 by St. Martin’s Press entitled A Child’s Night Dream,
based on Stone’s experiences as a young man.
His documentary film Persona non Grata,
a series of conversations with current and past Israeli and Palestinian
leaders and militants, debuted on HBO in the spring of 2003. Comandante
was controversially shelved by the cable network, which then broadcast
Stone’s second documentary about Castro, Looking for Fidel,
in April 2004.
Stone has directed the feature films Any
Given Sunday (‘99), U-Turn (‘97), Nixon (‘95),
Natural Born Killers (‘94), Heaven and Earth (‘93),
JFK (‘91), The Doors (‘91), Born on the Fourth
of July (‘89), Talk Radio (‘88), Wall Street (‘87),
Platoon (‘86), Salvador (‘86), The Hand (‘81)
and Seizure (‘73).
His writing credits apart from his directed
films include: Midnight Express, Scarface,
Conan the Barbarian, Year of the Dragon and Evita.
His producing credits are: The People vs.
Larry Flynt, The Joy Luck Club, Reversal of
Fortune, Savior, Freeway, South Central,
Zebrahead, Blue Steel and the ABC mini-series Wild
Palms. Apart from his directed films, as a producer Stone has
won an Emmy for the HBO film Indictment: The McMartin
Trial and was nominated for the documentary The Last Days
of Kennedy and King.
CHRISTOPHER KYLE’s (Screenwriter) other
film credits include K19: The Widowmaker and The Weight
of Water, both directed by Kathryn Bigelow. Currently he is
adapting Erik Larson’s The Devil in the White City for C/W
Productions and Paramount.
Mr. Kyle is also the author of several plays, most
notably Plunge and The Monogamist, both of which premiered
off-Broadway at Playwrights Horizons. His most recent play, The
Safety Net, will premiere in January 2005 at the Broken Watch
Theatre in New York. A former Guggenheim Fellow in playwriting,
Mr. Kyle has been commissioned by Amblin’/Dreamworks Entertainment
and the Charles H. Revson Foundation and his plays have been honored
with the Stanley Drama Award and the Morton R. Sarett Memorial Playwriting
Christopher Kyle is a native of Terre Haute, Indiana
and is a graduate of Indiana State and Columbia Universities. He
lives in Nyack, New York.
LAETA KALOGRIDIS (screenwriter) is an established
feature writer whose recent film work includes X-Men, Lara Croft:
Tomb Raider, and Scream 3. Kalogridis also created the
television series Birds of Prey.
She is currently writing the feature projects
Wonder Woman, Pathfinder, and The Lone Ranger.
THOMAS SCHÜHLY (Producer)
was head of production for the major German production companies
Rialto-Film (Berlin), Taurus-Film (Munich), Iduna-Film (Munich)
and chief executive officer of Constantin Film Produktion. His credits
as producer or executive producer have included such international
productions as The Triumph of Love starring Mira Sorvino
and Ben Kingsley; Der Totmacher; the two part La Revolution
Francaise starring Peter Ustinov, Klaus Maria Brandauer and
Sam Neill; Terry Gilliam’s critically acclaimed The Adventures
of Baron Munchausen; Jean-Jacques Annaud’s The Name of the
Rose starring Sean Connery; Carl Schenkel’s Out of Order
(Abwarts); Gerard Oury’s Ace of Aces starring Jean-Paul
Belmondo; Rainer Werner Fassbinder’s Veronika Voss and Lola;
Theater in Trance and Die Generalprobe. He also produced
the landmark German mini-series Berlin Alexanderplatz as
well as Via Mala, another mini-series.
Among Schühly’s honors was a Fellini Award
as European Producer of the Year, the Golden Bear at the Berlin
Film Festival for Veronika Voss, a German National Award
for both Out of Order (Abwarts) and Der Totmacher,
with the latter film also taking the Coppa Volpi at the Venice Film
JON KILIK (Producer) has collaborated with
a wide range of auteur directors to create a body of work with an
emphasis on human values and social issues. In 1988, Kilik began
his partnership with Spike Lee and has gone on to produce 11 of
Lee’s films, including Do the Right Thing, Mo’ Better
Blues, Jungle Fever, Malcolm X, Crooklyn,
Clockers, Girl 6, He Got Game, Summer of
Sam, Bamboozled, and most recently, 25th
Kilik produced Robert De Niro’s highly acclaimed
directorial debut, A Bronx Tale, based on the play by Chazz
Palminteri. In 1995, Kilik produced Tim Robbins’ Academy Award winner
Dead Man Walking, based on Sister Helen Prejean’s account
of her work with Louisiana death row inmates, starring Susan Sarandon
and Sean Penn. He also produced Julian Schnabel’s directorial debut,
Basquiat, starring Jeffrey Wright as Jean-Michel Basquiat
and David Bowie as Andy Warhol. Next, he teamed with Gary Ross and
Steven Soderbergh to produce Ross’ directorial debut, Pleasantville,
featuring Tobey Maguire and Reese Witherspoon. He produced Tim Robbins’
Cradle Will Rock, the sweeping account of the many worlds
that collided in New York City in 1937 while Orson Welles mounted
his most challenging Broadway production.
In 2001 Kilik produced Julian Schnabel’s Before
Night Falls, based on the autobiography of Cuban writer Reinaldo
Arenas, starring Javier Bardem, winner of the Best Actor award at
the Venice Film Festival, the Independent Spirit Awards and the
National Board of Review. Kilik also produced Ed Harris’ directorial
debut, Pollock, starring Harris as American painter Jackson
Pollock and Marcia Gay Harden, who won the Oscar for Best Supporting
Actress as Lee Krasner. Kilik produced Skins, directed by
noted Native American filmmaker Chris Eyre, starring Graham Greene
and filmed on the Pine Ridge Reservation.
IAIN SMITH (Producer) was born in Glasgow
in 1949 and graduated from the London Film School in 1971. He worked
in London for several years before returning to his native Scotland
to make My Childhood, for the British Film Institute, the
first of the award-winning trilogy by the late Bill Douglas.
He formed his own production company in partnership
with Jon Schorstein and produced television commercials, documentaries,
children’s feature films and low budget dramas, and in 1978 production
managed Bertrand Tavernier’s Deathwatch. A year later he
joined David Puttnam and Hugh Hudson to make the Academy Award-winning
Chariots of Fire.
He went on to line produce a variety of films
for David Puttnam including Bill Forsyth’s Local Hero starring
Peter Riegert and Burt Lancaster, Roland Joffe’s The Killing
Fields starring Sam Waterston and Dr. Haing S. Ngor, and Joffe’s
The Mission starring Robert De Niro and Jeremy Irons. He
also produced Brian Gilbert’s The Frog Prince.
In 1987 Smith formed Applecross Productions
and went on to co-produce Richard Marquand’s Hearts of Fire
starring Bob Dylan, followed by Michael Austen’s Killing Dad.
In 1991 he co-produced Roland Joffe’s City of Joy, and in
1992, executive produced Ridley Scott’s 1492: Conquest of
In 1994 Smith co-produced Stephen Frears’ Mary
Reilly starring Julia Roberts, followed by Luc Besson’s The
Fifth Element starring Bruce Willis in 1996, which was produced
by his company Zaltman Films Ltd for Gaumont.
He then produced Jean-Jacques Annaud’s Seven
Years in Tibet starring Brad Pitt for Columbia Pictures, followed
by Jon Amiel’s Entrapment starring Sean Connery and Catherine
Zeta-Jones for Twentieth Century Fox.
Following this, Smith executive produced Spy
Game for Beacon Communications and Universal Pictures, which
starred Robert Redford and Brad Pitt and was directed by Tony Scott.
He then executive produced Anthony Minghella’s Cold Mountain,
starring Jude Law, Nicole Kidman and Renee Zellwegger. Smith will
next produce Darren Aronofsky’s The Fountain.
Iain Smith is a board member of the UK Film
Council and also of Scottish Screen, and serves as Vice President
of the Production Guild of Great Britain. He has served on the Scottish
Film Council, the Scottish Film Production Fund, the Scottish Film
Training Trust and as a Governor of the National Film and Television
School. He is currently Deputy Chairman of the British Film Advisory
Group and is a director of the Children’s Film and Television Foundation.
MORITZ BORMAN (Producer) is Chairman and
CEO of Intermedia, one of the largest independent production and
financing companies in the motion picture industry. Prior to joining
Intermedia, Borman founded and ran Pacifica Film Development, Inc.,
an entertainment financing company backed by the German production
fund IMF. In 2000, Borman merged Pacifica with Intermedia.
Borman began his career in German television production
in the 1970’s as a producer and director. In 1977 he moved to Los
Angeles where he became a Directing Fellow at the American Film
Institute and in the following years produced and directed numerous
programs for European television as well as TV commercials for American
and European ad agencies.
MATTHIAS DEYLE (Executive Producer) started
as a trainee at the ZDF (Second Channel of Germany).
Since 1977, Deyle has been an advisor and consultant
at IMF Media Fonds for film development and film selection. Deyle
was an IMF producer for the box office hit Terminator 3: Rise
of the Machines, as well as The Quiet American. He was
also an executive producer on Slap Her…She’s French and The
In 1969, Deyle founded the German television company
TNF – Tele Norm Film GmbH along with directors Fritz Umgelter and
Rainer Söhnlein. As owner and producer of the company, Deyle
has produced more than 500 hours of programming, including such
international successes as The Red Zora, A Happy Family,
Out of Blus and Force Majeure.
In 1982, Deyle founded the movie company Mutoskop
Film GmbH and produced several films, including Out of Order,
Orpheus and Euridice, Pura Vida and Rosamunde.
Recently, Deyle produced the film Dead Fish,
directed by Charley Stadler, and in cooperation with Orange Pictures
GmbH & Co. KG.
GIANNI NUNNARI (Co-Executive Producer) is
a highly respected entertainment industry executive and veteran
motion picture producer. In 1987, he established Cecchi Gori Pictures,
the Los Angeles development and production subsidiary of Rome-based
Cecchi Gori Group Fin. Ma. Vi. In the ensuing years, Nunnari has
served as co-executive producer of House of Cards, Folks!,
Man Trouble, and The Blackout, executive producer
of David Fincher’s Seven and Bruno Barreto’s Romeo and
Julliet Got Married, and producer of Martin Scorsese’s The
Departed and Robert Rodriguez’s From Dusk ‘Till Dawn
and its two sequels, From Dusk ‘Till Dawn 2: Texas Blood Money
and From Dusk ‘Till Dawn 3: The Hangman’s Daughter. In 1997
Nunnari formed Hollywood Gang Productions as a separate vehicle
to develop, produce and co-finance three to five films per year,
including big-budget studio films with major stars and filmmakers
attached as well as specialized lower budget independent films with
international break out potential.
FERNANDO SULICHIN (Co-Executive Producer)
collaborates once again with Oliver Stone, having produced the filmmaker’s
three recent documentaries, Persona Non Grata, Comandante
and Looking for Fidel.
Sulichin also produced the independent films
Spun, Love Liza, Bully and The Addiction,
as well as serving as associate producer of Spike Lee’s Malcolm
X. He also produced Spike Lee’s last movie She Hate Me.
Alexander marks RODRIGO PRIETO’s
(Director of Photography) third collaboration with Oliver Stone
following their work together on the HBO documentaries Persona
Non Grata and Comandante.
Prieto was director of photography on Julie
Taymor’s Frida, the screen biography of legendary Mexican
artist Frida Kahlo, starring Salma Hayek. For his work on the film,
Prieto was honored with an American Society of Cinematographers
Award nomination. Prieto also photographed Curtis Hanson’s critically
acclaimed 8 Mile, starring controversial hip-hop artist Eminem
and Kim Basinger, and Spike Lee’s 25th Hour.
Most recently, Prieto reunited with director
Alejandro González Iñárritu, following their
earlier collaboration on the award-winning Amores Perros,
on that filmmaker’s first English-language production, 21 Grams,
starring Sean Penn, Benicio Del Toro and Naomi Watts. After completing
his work on Alexander, Prieto next segued into photographing
Ang Lee’s western Brokeback Mountain.
Prieto was born in Mexico City, the son of
a Mexican father and an American mother from Montana. He studied
at the Centro de Capacitación Cinematográfica (CCC),
the premier Mexican film school. Beginning his career as a cinematographer
of more than 500 commercials for major corporate clients, Prieto
moved into features with Un Instante Para Morir, Dama
de Noche, Perfume Efecto Immediato, Sobrenatural (All
of Them Witches), Edipo Alcade, Fibra Optica and
Un Embrujo (Under A Spell). Prieto’s first U.S. production,
which followed Amores Perros, was Michael Cristofer’s period
melodrama Original Sin, starring Angelina Jolie and Antonio
An innovative production designer, JAN ROELFS
(Production Designer) has been nominated for two Academy Awards
for Best Art Direction for his work on Gattaca and Orlando.
Roelfs’ U.S. film credits also include Little Women, The
Juror, Flawless, The Astronaut’s Wife and Simone.
In addition to these titles, Roelfs has also worked on A Zed
& Two Noughts, Drowning by Numbers, The Cook,
the Thief, His Wife & Her Lover, Prospero’s Books
and The Baby of Macon.
TOM NORDBERG (Chief Editor) collaborates
with Oliver Stone for the sixth time on Alexander, having
previously worked as chief film editor on Any Given Sunday,
editor of U-Turn, associate editor of Nixon, first
assistant editor of Natural Born Killers, and assistant editor
of Heaven and Earth.
In 1985, Nordberg graduated with honors from film
school at New York University. For a number of years he stayed in
New York and worked in production on hundreds of television commercials
and several feature films, including Angel Heart and Birdy.
In 1989, he moved to Los Angeles to pursue a career in feature film
Nordberg worked as an assistant editor for a variety
of directors and was given his first shot at editing by Stone on
Natural Born Killers. He has subsequently broadened his skills
as a film editor on the features What Women Want, Scary
Movie 2, Mnemosyne, and Holes.
YANN HERVE (Film Editor) has edited several
of France’s most popular films of the past few years, including
Luc Besson’s productions of Yamakasi – Les samourai des temps
modernes, Wasabi and Taxi 3. He also edited the
feature La Sirene rouge and the short film Sang blanc.
Herve began his career as a production assistant
on Leon (aka The Professional), directed by
Besson, graduating to assistant editor on the filmmaker’s The
Fifth Element and The Messenger: The Story of Joan of
JENNY BEAVAN (Costume Designer) is one of
the world’s foremost designers of period costumes for motion pictures.
She won the Academy Award for her work on A Room With A View,
and received additional nominations for the films The Bostonians,
Maurice, Howards End, The Remains of the
Day, Sense and Sensibility, Anna and the King
and Gosford Park. Beavan also won an Emmy Award for the mini-series
Emma and was recently nominated for a Tony Award for the
Broadway revival of Private Lives.
Beavan was born in London, England and studied
at London’s Central School of Art and Design. Her other feature
costume designing credits have included Hullaballo Over George
and Bonnie’s Pictures, Jane Austen in Manhattan,
The Deceivers, A Summer Story, Mountains of the
Moon, Swing Kids, Black Beauty, Jefferson
in Paris, Jane Eyre, Metroland, Ever After:
A Cinderella Story, Tea With Mussolini, Possession
and Timeline. For television, she designed the costumes for
the mini-series Lord Mountbatten: The Last Viceroy
and the telefeatures The Blackheath Poisonings and The
When Oliver Stone decided to make his film Alexander,
based on the life of Alexander the Great, only one composer came
to mind: VANGELIS. And for Vangelis, who has always been
extremely selective about the projects he chooses, Stone’s Alexander
seemed a natural. In November of 2004, moviegoers worldwide
will have the chance to witness the results of this intriguing and
inspired collaboration now in progress. Sony Classical will release
the original soundtrack recording in October 2004, in its first
collaboration with Vangelis since the 2001 multimedia premiere of
his choral symphony Mythodea.
Vangelis began his musical career in Athens, Greece,
moving to Paris and London and recording what now totals over 40
highly acclaimed albums. But it was his 1981 Academy Award-winning,
multi-platinum score for Hugh Hudson’s Chariots of Fire that
catapulted Vangelis to worldwide renown and helped turn the low-budget
independent movie into a blockbuster. His subsequent score for Ridley
Scott’s Blade Runner has become, along with the film itself,
an all-time classic. His score for Scott’s exquisite 1492 – Conquest
of Paradise was certified gold and platinum in over 17 countries,
its main theme becoming the biggest-selling single in Germany’s
chart history. Vangelis also composed, produced and performed
the scores for Costa-Gavras’s Missing, Roger Donaldson’s
The Bounty, Roman Polanski’s Bitter Moon and Iannis
Even before these remarkable movies, Vangelis
was already working with some of the world’s most respected filmmakers,
most notably Frederick Rossif (L’Apocalypse des Animaux),
Koreyoshi Kurahara (Antarctica), Jacques Cousteau (We
Cannot Permit) and Carl Sagan (the Cosmos series for
television). He has written original music for two Royal Ballet
productions at London’s Covent Garden, four ancient classic Greek
plays featuring Irene Papas, Olympic events for both Australia and
Greece, and the 1997 International Association of Athletics Federation’s
Opening Ceremonies, which he also conceived and directed. His 2002
FIFA World Cup Anthem won the Recording Industry Association of
Japan’s International Song of the Year Award.
His 2001 choral symphony Mythodea, featuring
Kathleen Battle, Jessye Norman, full orchestra and 120-voice choir,
was aired by television stations around the world, while NASA chose
the music to accompany its Mars Odyssey Mission. Sony Classical
released the audio recording of Mythodea on CD and, on DVD,
a film of the dramatic outdoor Athens concert at the Olympian Temple
of Jupiter – the first major concert ever to take place on this
In addition to winning an Oscar, Echo, Golden Lion,
Max Steiner, Apollo, IFPI and other awards throughout his career,
Vangelis has received the titles Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts
et des Lettres and the title of Chevalier de la Légion
d’Honneur of the French Republic. The International Astronomical
Union named a small planet Vangelis in his honor. And NASA presented
him with their 2003 Public Service Medal, one of the highest honors
the space agency confers upon a non-government individual.
GARY POWELL (Stunt Coordinator) began his
career as a top stuntman on such films as 1492: Conquest of Paradise,
Far and Away, Braveheart, First Knight, Michael
Collins, Goldeneye, Mission: Impossible, Harry
Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone and Harry Potter and the
Chamber of Secrets. Powell has also worked as assistant
stunt coordinator on 101 Dalmatians, Titanic,
Lost in Space, Saving Private Ryan, The Mummy,
The World is Not Enough and Harry Potter and the
Prisoner of Azkaban.
Powell has earned the reputation of doing impossible
stunts, most noticeably are the tank chase in GoldenEye,
the barrel roll in the Q-boat in The World Is Not Enough
and driving the crane in Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines.
He later went on to coordinate main unit on The
Mummy Returns, as well as the stunts for numerous commercials
and music videos. Known for his enthusiasm and his imagination,
Powell got his break as Stunt Coordinator on Oliver Stone’s Alexander.
ROBIN LANE FOX (Historical
Advisor) is the author of the international best-seller, Alexander
the Great, published in English editions by Penguin since 1973
and the most widely-read history of the subject. Since 1977, he
has taught Ancient History at Oxford University where he is a Fellow
of New College, Oxford. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature
and has won major literary prizes for his book on Alexander. His
other books include the widely-praised Pagans and Christians,
published by Knopf and Penguin.
Since 2002, Robin Lane Fox has worked very closely
with director Oliver Stone as historical adviser to the script and
the film. He has advised the Heads of Department on a wide range
of historical and archaeological details, ranging from costumes
to weaponry. He coordinated groups of experts from Oxford and the
UK to give regular advice during pre-production.
Robin Lane Fox has traveled far and wide on the
route of Alexander the Great in the past thirty years, especially
in Macedonia, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Until filming,
he had never visited the proposed sites of the great Gaugamela battle,
but thanks to director Oliver Stone, he spent weeks on location
at the film’s ‘Gaugamela’ battlefield in Morocco where he rode in
the front rank of the film’s major cavalry charges before going
on to Thailand to a final charge against war-elephants.
He is the author of The Making of Alexander
(published in the UK by R & L, ISBN no 0-9511392-1-5). It is
the Official Guide to the film with a foreword by Director Oliver
Stone and an exclusive array of the spectacular color stills taken
by the production’s photographers during filming. It is also a unique
historian’s view of a major epic movie. He "writes," says
Oliver Stone in his foreword, "about the extraordinary details
of film-making with an outsider’s humorous view of another species."
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